Australia About

About Australia | Study in Australia

Australia is the largest island and the smallest continent on the earth. In land area, Australia is the 6th largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, United States of America and Brazil.
Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a highly developed country in the Southern Hemisphere comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

It is divided into 6 states and 2 territories:

States

  • NSW
  • Victoria
  • Queensland
  • Northern Territory
  • W.A
  • Tasmania

Territories

  • Australian Capital Territory
  • South Australia

CLIMATE

Australian climate varies widely based on the region, which was significantly influenced by ocean currents. Largest part of Australia was outback, which is desert or semi-dry. The southern region has a temperate climate and moderately fertile soil and the northern region has a tropical climate, which was partly rainforests, grasslands and deserts. Large number of population lives within the south-eastern coastline in a temperate atmosphere. All a whole, people from any country can have a pleasant atmosphere in Australia.

CULTURE

Australia’s culture was greatly derived from the European lineage, but there are some distinctive Australian characteristics grown from the atmosphere, aboriginal culture and influence of its neighborhood. Since the past 50 years, the culture of Australia was strongly influenced by the American popular culture, especially movies and television. Literature, movies, opera, music, dance, painting, theater and crafts are the dynamism and creative arts of Australia, which has achieved global appreciation. The most of the immigrants are from Asian and European countries.

 

FOOD

The traditional cuisine of Australia was rooted from the European gastronomy, which was bought from the early settlers. It usually consists of pies, roasted cuts of meat, grilled steak and chops and few other cuisines of meat accompanied with vegetables. With the emphasis of multiculturalism many other cuisines has influenced the Australian food culture. They include Mediterranean and Asian foods formerly brought up by the settlers. In the recent times, Australians consume a lot of take-away food.

The common breakfast in Australia include cereals, toast, fruits and fried bacon, egg, mushroom, baked beans and sausages. Tea, coffee, flavored milk or juice is the drink with breakfast. The common choices in dinner are roast meat and vegetables, pasta, pizza, casseroles, barbecue meat, vegetables and salads, soup, stir-fries. Try some good Australian food so as to enjoy a pleasure of dining in Australian style.

 

MULTICULTURALISM

The people in Australia came from over 100 different countries around the world with their own cultures, ethics and languages. They formed different cultural groups that made Australia a multicultural nation, which was adopted since 1970. As there are different cultural groups, Australian government implemented the cultural policy in the country to control the society and its ethics. There is a multicultural national literature in Australia. There are 26.4% of Catholics, 20.5% of Anglicans, 20.5% of other Christians, 1.9% of Buddhists, 1.5% of Muslims, 1.2% of other religions, 12.7%, of unspecified religions in Australia. This has resulted students from different countries with different cultures to choose Australia for their higher education.

 

JOB MARKET

The prediction of job opportunities for international students in Australia is associated with the comprehensive visa requirements. In Australia there is good scope for various professions including doctors, teachers, accountants, plumbers, nurses, carpenters, dentists and IT managers. You can get the complete information on the applications of visas migration on Department of Immigration and Citizenship website. There are good opportunities for the graduates who secure permanent residence in Australia. You can get further details about graduate destinations on Graduate Careers Australia.

 

TRANSPORT

 

Roads

Australia has the second highest level of car ownership in the world. It has three to four times more roads per capita than Europe and seven to nine times more than Asia. Australia also has the third highest per capita rate of fuel consumption in the world. Perth, Adelaide and Brisbane are rated among the most car-dependent cities in the world, with Sydney and Melbourne close behind. Furthermore, the distance travelled by car (or similar vehicle) in Australia is among the highest in the world, being exceeded by USA and Canada.

The majority of road tunnels in Australia have been constructed since the 1990s to relieve traffic congestion in metropolitan areas, or to cross significant watercourses.

 

Other transport modes include:
  • Rail
  • Intra-state and city rail services
  • Metro
  • Mining railways
  • Sea

TOURISM

 

Tourism is the large sector of the economy in Australia, which was merged as a crucial industry. For the years 2002, 2003, 2004 Australia has produced world’s 10th biggest revenue from the tourism. Every year about 4 billion tourists visit Australia and Australians itself are the big domestic travelers. Australia combines an abundance of landscapes. These comprise of deserts in the interior, hills, mountains, tropical rain forests and densely populated coastal strips with long beaches. Distinct from other continents, Australia has wide variety of unique plants and animal life. Find more-Australian Tourism

 

Facts
  • •  Full name: Commonwealth of Australia
  • •  Population: 21.5 million (UN, 2009)
  • •  Capital: Canberra
  • •  Largest city: Sydney
  • •  Area: 7.7 million sq km (2.9 million sq miles)
  • •  Major language: English
  • •  Major religion: Christianity
  • •  Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 84 years (women) (UN)
  • •  Monetary unit: 1 Australian dollar = 100 cents
  • •  Main exports: Ores and metals; wool, food and live animals; fuels, transport machinery and equipment
  • •  GNI per capita: US $32,220 (World Bank, 2006)
  • •  Internet domain: .au
  • •  International dialing code: +61

MAIN ESTABLISHED INDUSTRIES

 

  • •  Service
  • •  Agriculture
  • •  Transportation equipment
  • •  Chemicals
  • •  Education
  • •  Processed and unprocessed minerals
  • •  Food products
  • •  Wood and paper products
  • •  Fish products
  • •  Petroleum and natural gas
  • •  Steel
  • •  Mining